An electric war just begun. If we don’t win it – we will perish…

I have been reading about fears of World War III but let me tell you that the war has already begun and either India or China are going to be victorious at it. This is what I call an electric war. This is a war not between the armies but between two economies and citizens of two countries who want to achieve industrial production, sales, technical, research superiority over each other. This is the time that the unions and workmen alongwith the companies must rise to the occasion stop fighting amongst each other for a dime and focus on our industrial war with China. This may sound poetic or patriotic but let me tell you that the livelihood of each and every citizen depends on our actions for which we shall be responsible at the end.

The Indian government has set an ambitious target I will call it Target 2030 for electric cars. This is one of the targets for an emission free country to reduce its dependency other countries.

For the first time the government is leading from the front and has a feel of what is happening around the world. I am happy that the government has given up its nomadic thinking and is moving forward to an emission free world. The latest policy shifts comes in the automotive sector.

The energy department said its aim is that by 2030, all vehicles sold in India should be electric vehicles. A look at the current numbers provides a good gauge of how ambitious a target this is. Electric vehicle sales stood at about 20,000 units in the year ended 31 March 2016, according to the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles.

Though many may doubt the governments words about the time frame yet giving a timeframe would definitely indicate the intention of the government. The time for this could not be more appropriate. The electric vehicle market has reached an inflection point. Sales of electric cars grew at an exponential pace of 94% between 2011-15 the world over, led predominantly by the US, Europe and China. In fact, a top University in the United States has predicted that all new vehicles sales in late 2020’s will be electric, and fossil fuel-based vehicles would have vanished by the late 2030’s. The growth in the electric vehicle market will change the landscape of the Indian automobile industry significantly. It will also have a big impact on the overall Indian economy.

India has a thriving automotive industry serving the local and global markets, particularly in small cars. Over 22 million people, making up 5% of India’s workforce, are employed in the sector, which is mostly centred around internal combustion engines.

As the country moves towards an electric vehicle-led future, there will be a requirement for new, efficient vehicle components such as high-density batteries. The current crop of manufacturers and suppliers will need to pivot quickly to capitalize on this wave. They will need to collaborate closely, invest smartly, establish global tie-ups to get a leg up on technology and quickly build up scale. I will not go into the technical aspects however only a handful of companies in India seem to be getting ready for this wave

However, companies need to act on this urgently, not least because competition in the sector is heating up and countries like China have been making rapid progress. Chinese firms have steadily increased their electric vehicle output and technical capabilities in the sector, leaving their global peers behind in building capacity as well as sales. China is poised to become a global hub in the electric vehicle space, ahead of traditional auto hubs such as Germany..

India’s move to electric vehicles will open diversified opportunities for downstream industries such as lithium-ion battery packs, electric traction motors and charging infrastructure..

The scale of the opportunity can be gauged best by the investments being made on this front. Tesla, the US-based electric car maker, and Japan’s Panasonic are investing $5 billion in a “gigafactory”. Their aim is to produce 35 GWh of battery power by 2018—more than the combined global production of batteries in 2014. China is expected to produce 121 GWh of batteries by 2020.

Nitin Gadkari quite bluntly made the government’s intentions clear to India’s automobile lobby group, SIAM, on Septmeber 7. “We should move towards alternative fuel…I am going to do this, whether you like it or not, And I am not going to ask you. I will bulldoze it.”
Now comes the million dollar question if the companies are not prepared they will be bulldozed out of the market. The chances are that 50 percent of the industry who are supplying various products to the Car Manufacturing industry will be bulldozed out of the market whether you like it or not. Their place will be taken by technically superior, progressive, futuristic companies with educated, intelligent and superior manpower unlike what is present today.
Unions and the workmen will have to change and fight for their future. I will not name the companies and the unions but many of the unions are ready for this change and are aware about this change. However about 80 percent of the unions are still day dreaming and living in wonderland. Please mark my words in an electric world where the jobs are going to be very technical only an extremely skilled person or an extremely educated person or a person willing to change with time will survive. Many unions are not even ready to give productivity. I have always maintained that it is a failure of the union if the management is forced to link productivity to wages.
Finally we are at an industrial war with China anybody who is working against our companies is as good as working for the benefit of China. This is a war which we cannot loose at any cost no matter what consequences it has.
I have my strong reservations about what I see with my open eyes about what is going on in the industry. It really saddens me to see the corruption at a government level where disputes can be resolved. The government authorities are making no effort to settle disputes but only adding fuel to fire. I am appalled to see that there is absolutely no vision about what is going on in the international markets to the labour department. When we have a Prime Minister and a Chief Minister who are working day and night for the benefit of the country and the state it is disheartening to see the attitude of the Labour Department who needs to be sensitized with the realities of the market. How often do we see the cases of general demands being referred to the court only after 1 or 2 meetings. I am shocked to see that not even an attempt is made to settle the dispute by bringing both parties that is the employers and the unions at the tables. Though not all officers are such but what example are we setting to expats and multinationals about red tape in our government machinery.
To conclude there is a lot to write however I will make an humble appeal that the time has come that we sensitize the unions and the employees to the harsh realties of the markets. We must not threaten them or make them insecure but we must educate them, train them are prepare them for the future.

Aditya Joshi
Advocate

Views About Future of Industries in Pune by Adv. Aditya Joshi

IS IT A GRAND PLAN TO DESTROY OR DESTABILISE THE INDIAN INDUSTRY? ARE WE UNKNOWINGLY BECOMING A PARTY TO IT?

I am writing this blog to speak my heart out in the most open way as I always have and the way in which I see that the employees are being handled by the companies in Pune. This blog is nothing but a warning of a prospective destructive situation that is presently going on in the industry in Pune. We either will now lead the world by being a manufacturing prowess or we will be an example of how an the industry in Pune and in turn Maharashtra was systematically destroyed.

Being one of the advisers of some big and some multinational companies in Pune at a young age and being a principal support of the Companies who are conducting cases day in and day out in the courts on behalf of the companies I think now it has come down to the managements being strong and taking the right decisions now otherwise  these companies will reach a point  of no return.

WORKMEN

I personally think that this category has lost it or a majority definitely has. So what is the difference of the workmen of the earlier generation and today’s generation. The earlier generation earned their salaries, conditions of service after prolonged bargaining and also after a lot of negotiation and also some coercive actions but all had limits. I think social aspects like respect for elders, connection with reality, knowing your limitations, caring for the family has got a lot to do with respecting your job which the earlier generation did. I think today is a world of fast marriages, fast divorces, easy money, fast money and big cars and hence dissatisfied souls. The workmen are doing nothing but killing the hen that lays golden eggs for a mine of gold. But why blame the workmen? It is also the management that is to be blamed as the workmen has the hefty salaries which are not justified and now you can see the situation in which the companies are. It is unfortunate that the workmen also are having a disconnect with the reality, market conditions, situation prevalent in the company, situation prevailing in the industry and competitive challenge from China. Day in and day  out when I advise a closure of  a company I feel that I have lost another battle with China and I feel very bad that not only the workmen are not concerned about it they seem to care two hoots about the closure of the company. They are only interested in a hefty compensation or a lucrative VRS. If one company closes I wonder how many families must be starving. It is very easy to blame the company but today the workmen have a lions share in this defeat with China and the Starvation that they have brought upon themselves.

I have been advising numerous companies for a number of years now. I have seen that as on today an average worker in Pune earns a salary above Rs.30,000 and a very good proportion of employees along with the production allowances earn upwards of Rs.50,000. I will definitely make a bold statement that even the employees working in the management cadre like the human resource department, the marketing Department, the finance department do not have such a privileged salary. Despite earning such a huge sums of salary these workmen go on and on about bad food, too much of work, stress, and many reasons which are obnoxious and appalling. I had on numerous occasions dealt with cases in various companies during the wage settlement where these employees have not only boycotted food without giving any prior intimation but have wasted food or have stood in the line of upaas food as an agitation and have created a ruckus in the canteen by throwing food dishonouring and disrespecting food. I must say for Gods’ sake we are living in a country in which a majority of people are below the poverty line and do not get food. I believe at least in terms of the salary these people get they should at least respect the food. Food is nothing but a source of living for many people and these employees have scant respect for such a source. I am more appalled with the fact that companies allow such a disgusting and disrespectful behaviour to go unpunished. I have seen that hardly a few companies except companies which are mostly Indian take these acts seriously and actions are taken against such persons.  On a number of occasions I have produced photographs of workmen pouring dal on the floor of the canteen, scattering rice and chapattis or simply thowing pieces of salad on canteen boys before the court to get injunction orders.  However, I have yet to come across a single case where any management has taken action against the workmen for wasting and destroying food. Thus by pardoning such acts  companies  in fact encourage the illegal activities of the workmen.

ADVISORS/TOUTS

I have seen that companies get very jittery during settlements and this is the time where touts and touts in the industry come in limelight by giving false promises about how they can manage the unions and get the settlement done in the company. I am very disappointed to see that  a good number of the companies fall  prey to such assurances and make compromises like pardoning illegal actions  to maintain good relations with union leader and try to create a situation of you scratch my back and I will scratch yours.  A sort of a quid pro quo.  I’ve seen with my own eyes that such companies have a short site and in the end up giving such touts huge sums of money and do not have a permanent solution to their problems. Problem solving has to be system based. But quite to the contrary we see that it the individuals which play a major role.   Whether the union leader is A or B and whether the HR head is X or Y it is not the relationship between the two which should be able to solve the problem.  It is the system which should be in place which can do it.  Thus even if a particular person is not present the system should be able to resolve the issue.

COMPANIES ENTER WITHOUT STRATERGY

In my years of practice I’ve seen that the unions have become extremely smart and in fact they have acquired the mastery of making a fool of the management. Many managements feel that they are extremely educated, highly smart and they can easily get things done in a limited time frame. In the first place we are dealing with human beings. Secondly one must have a connect with what is going around in other companies in the region in which the company situated. The unions have acquired the skill to play one person against the other in the management and in most of the companies they succeed in doing the same. One must learn that these unions and their leaders are extremely well trained and these are the new generation leaders with new generation ideas and hence these companies need new generation lawyers, managers and advisors. However I see that a few managements dwell in the past they are so busy patting their back with their earlier successes and ideas that they forget what is happening in and around them and that the world has changed.

WORSHIPPING UNION ADVISORS

One of the reasons that these unions have become more powerful is the reason that HR managers seems to have an affinity towards the advisors of the unions and treat them like holy saints. One must not forget that whatever name you give to the relationship that is the relationship of an employer and workmen it is as good as a relationship of India and Pakistan and both cannot give up their demands and eventually one is hard done by the action of the other and is waiting to get back at the so called oppressor. I would like to ask such HR managers/ companies that do you treat your management staff, contract labour, trainees and other employees the same way? Whatever you may say I know what treatment is meted out to such staff and the management treats them with disdain and they are left in the open to fend for themselves while companies support their permanent workmen who are systematically destroying the establishment. Please treat this as a warning that your employees have commitment issues because of your behavior against management staff.

SALARY DIFFERENCE

I am highly shocked to see the salaries of permanent workmen in at least 50% of the companies in Pune. That does not me that I am against paying these persons hefty salaries. But seriously a person who is 10th pass/12th Pass/ Diploma or not every one is getting salary in between 40 thousand to 70 thousand. I would love to ask you people a question as to what do you pay an engineer who has slogged for 4 years and has just been placed and companies pay minimum wages or 1000 rs more than minimum wages which they proudly state in various public and international fora. I am really shocked to see that the permanent workmen are given huge salaries without any accountability and just 8 or less working hours however other people have to work day and night and have completion pressures and tactics. I think this is discrimination against one set of employees who are in majority and contributing hugely to the success of the company. My take on this is that there is huge discontent brewing in employees other than the unionized workmen as the companies are ignoring the majority employee and trying to please the minority. I can also see that foreign companies are grabbing these trained and disrespected people and hiring them at foreign locations and the efflux has started in other parts of Asia and Australia. Companies have in fact developed a cast system in which the permanent workmen are the most privileged, trainees, earn and learn, NEEM et.  In times of recession the axe falls on these categories which in fact are the lowest paid because they are the least protected.

UNIONS ARE AMPLY FUNDED

The very concept that unions consist of poor people, is absolutely false and untrue.  People who think in such a manner are living in a fools’ paradise I can confidently say that all unions have come together and are funding each other and also if the funds are less then foreign institutions fund them. In fact it has been these foreign institutions who have trained them and they have trained them well. If you suspend a person or transfer him and the court rejects his transfer it hardly affects the workmen as the union pays his salary and fights cases on his behalf and takes care of lawyer’s fees.  A small group of workmen can contribute some amounts monthly and can create a fighting fund. They can hire good lawyers and one should not forget that the law also is mostly on their side. They can practically hold the management to ransom.  Added to the same is the problem of “just in time” supply or a policy of multinational companies for zero tolerance of strikes and go slows. Such companies are ready and willing to pay whatever price to avoid a strike. They also try to compare the wages in rupees with wages paid to the workmen in their mother plants abroad. Such companies tolerate anything in the name of trade unionism.  A large group of office bearers get paid monthly salary without doing any work.  Unions office bearers are given vehicles, foreign tours, special food in canteen, liberty not to wear uniforms and not to mention the money paid under the table for not creating any problems.

WILL HISTORY REPEAT ITSELF? WILL INDUSTRY IN PUNE ONCE AGAIN BE DESTROYED LIKE THE MILLS OF MUMBAI AND SOLAPUR? OR WILL WE SECURE THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN BY REALLY MAKING IT THE MANUFACTURING PROWESS OF THE WORLD?

The unions are no longer scared of filing cases before the court. The unions are also extremely trained in various aspects as bonus, D.A. and are also well versed with what is happening in and around their industry. This is possible because all the funding that the union receives.  In fact, many a time the management people fall short in various legal aspects. The union arranges various seminars, classes on weekend get themselves educated with all provisions of law.  Unfortunately, there is no such unity in so far as the employers are concerned.  The employers are only united on the face of it.  It is easier to get copies of settlements of various companies by asking the office bearers of our own union than to ask a fellow colleague working in another company. Such is the state of affairs. Unless and until the companies truly come together with their hearts and souls it is going to be very difficult for the industries to survive.  Unity of the employers from now on is the utmost importance for the success of the industry in Pune as well as Maharashtra.

CONCLUSION :

I would like to conclude by saying that today’s time is a very competitive time.  If you are not on your toes you are out of the market and on the road within no time.  The only thing permanent in your company is the permanent workmen. Their salaries kept on increasing every three years which causes discrimination to other employees. There is no connect between the manpower to salary ratio in most of companies and therefore 30% of the companies are in the process of closing down. Remaining 40% of the companies are in the process of giving a VRS in order to keep the business going.  Others want to set up factories in Uttaranchal, Haryana or some other State where labour costs are cheap and government subsidy is higher. The only thing is that is permanent is change which the workmen are unwilling to accept.  However, it is not entirely the workmen’s fault. What can you accept from a person who is 10th or 12th passed? Consequences of any leniency or wage rise need to be thought and discussed by the company.

The companies entering in the market must enter with a perfect plan like how many people they want to employ, in which position they want which person, how to employ the persons, where to employ, list the nature of duties of such individuals, what are realistic salaries can be offered to them, where to situate the company for least amount of employees unrest. All problems can be avoided by proper planning by the company which invests million in a factory. However, it seems that they are unwilling to invest in planning which eventually in the long run will help their industry survive.

There is a lot to write about.  However, I must limit myself to the above few subjects I have touched upon.  In a few weeks I will be writing about some other aspects which I have not touched in his blog.  However, I would advise everyone reading this blog to think, discuss or even criticize my experience which might be harsh. This is what I see every day.

ADITYA JOSHI

ADVOCATE

LABOUR/INDUSTRIAL COURTS

B.S.L, L.L.B

Graphology (Handwriting Analysis)

Article on Graphology (Handwriting Analysis) by Shailendra Deshpande

What is Graphology?

Graphology is about revelation of character, personality & understanding of subconscious thinking from hand­writing & its analysis. It simply reveals the true nature of the writer. But it cannot foretell the future like astrology.

How Does Graphology Work?

We were all taught to write in a specific way when we were children at school, but it is evident that no one continues to write exactly the way they were taught and everyone’s handwriting looks different. He or she gradually alters the shapes and sizes of letters in accordance with individual likes and dislikes.

It originates from the fact that each one of us has a unique handwriting which actually projects our subconscious thinking. Unknown to us, the way we write can reveal the innermost workings of our mind through handwriting.

Few describes graphology is ‘brainwriting’ – the handwriting comes directly from the writer in a uniquely personal and individual way, irrespective of how the person has been taught to write.

A person’s handwriting and its placing on the page express the unique impulses of the individual: logically, the brain sends signals along the muscles to the writing implement they control.

Graphology is based on the principle that every individual’s handwriting has a character of its own and this is entirely due to the uniqueness of the writer’s personality, prevailing moods & emotions.

Graphology is a blend of art and science. It is a science because it measures the structure and movement of the written ‘trait’ forms – slants, angles and spacing are accurately calculated and the pressure is observed in magnification and with precision. And it is an art because the graphologist has constantly to keep in mind the total context in which the writing is taking place: the ‘gestalt’ of the writing as a whole.

Writing consists of three things – movement, spacing and form which are universal and applicable to all humans does not require any information about writer’s nationality, culture, gender, age, left-handed or right handed since the brain and personality directly related with handwriting are not related with these things & hence graphology is completely objective, unbiased and non-discriminatory. It is not even necessary that the person speak or write English.

Graphology not only examines behaviour based on understanding of the subconscious or the whys that lie behind actions, providing information that could not be established in any other way or in such a quick time.  This makes graphology a very powerful tool.

The most common things people say about handwriting are: ‘I have two different styles of writing’. – It is true that some people have styles of writing which appear, on first sight, to be different. However closer examination usually reveals that the key character indicators are the same in both samples. The changes are merely cosmetic. Professionally trained handwriting analysts identify the similarity in characters.

Alfred Binet, the renowned psychologist who founded the present method of I.Q Test was a firm supporter of handwriting analysis. He confirmed that certain character traits are reflected in handwriting.

Benefits of graphology: –

Like other tools of mind analysis & psychometric tests; graphology is also been used & evolved with experiments. No single handwriting feature proves anything specific or absolute by itself; a single feature alone can only identify a trend. It is the combination of features, and the interaction between them that enable a full and clear interpretation. The science of graphology uses at least 300 different handwriting features in its investigative approach. It is like a jigsaw where all the pieces fit together but have a hidden message as well as a revealed image.

Graphology is now an accepted and increasingly used technique for assessment of people in organizations. Handwriting analysis is an effective and reliable indicator of personality and behaviour, and so is a useful tool for many organizational processes, for example: recruitment, interviewing and selection, team-building, counselling, and career-planning and many more.

The slant of your handwriting, the size of your letters, the loops in your alphabets, the spacing between your words and even the pressure with which you write can reveal a great deal about your personality, attitude, interests and even the direction of your life! For instance, big writing indicates an outgoing nature while tiny lettering hints at someone who is introverted and focussed. Forward slants in handwriting signify a future-oriented attitude while doodling wavy patterns suggest an easy-going nature.

A graphologist carefully studies the various intricacies of a person’s handwriting to interpret everything from his character, behaviour, mindset, likes and dislikes to even strengths, weaknesses, fears and future potential. In fact, a study of graphology enables practitioners to gain deep insight into more than hundred personality traits like happy, sad, friendly, caring, angry, self-centred, egoistic, sensitive, loyal, impulsive, dominating, aggressive, perfectionist, procrastination, concentration, tenacity extrovert, positive thinking, negativity, creative, enterprising, realistic, social skills and so on.

Graphology finds a wide variety of applications for diverse groups of people. It is enjoying increasing usage for employee recruitment in various organisations. HR managers employ the services of graphologists to screen candidates and ascertain best job-personality match. It is used in career counselling to judge students’ aptitude and abilities before zeroing in on the right career.

Parents can reap the advantages of graphology in child development and care as it helps understand the nature, interests and motivations of young children.

Similarly, it can help individuals understand various other people – be it spouse, friend or family member. It is therefore an extremely useful tool in identifying the quality and capacity of an individual’s talents and potential, particularly in career guidance and improving marital relationships.

It is also used in forensic science to solve criminal cases by analysing offenders’ handwriting samples. Some expert graphologists can even use their specialised knowledge to diagnose certain diseases and improve health with the help of Grapho-therapy.

Graphology is widely understood and used in many countries. In many parts of Europe and the USA graphologists are brought in by large firms to help assess job applicants. Half the major companies in Germany ask a graphologist for advice on potential employees. And the figure is even higher in Holland.

Brief Details: –

Slant and pressure reveal the emotional aspects of writer, the basis of the total personality. The amount of slope indicates the writer’s ability to feel or show emotions.

Right Slant – Handwriting which leans to the right indicates a person who is outgoing and expresses emotions freely.

Left Slant – Left leaning writing indicates a reserved personality which holds back his or her emotions. This person needs time to think before making decisions.

Vertical Slant – People who write in this way have their emotions very much under control. They tend to be ruled by their heads rather than their hearts.

Pressure

Pen pressure is an indication of depth of feeling. Heavy pressure indicates a person with strong beliefs. He or she absorb everything as if they are emotional sponges and are self-assertive and have strong-will.

A person who write with light pressure is inclined to be more along with people & trends. He or she is more tolerant as compared to heavy pressure writer.

Baseline

Upward Sloping Baseline – These writers are optimistic, cheerful and have great faith in the future.

Downward Sloping Baseline – A downward slope is indicative of pessimism. This type of writing may be transitory and related with stress.

Handwriting Size

It shows how one views oneself and how self-confident one is. Very large handwriting is often seen in extroverted, confident super salesmen. Small handwriting usually indicates great powers of concentration. It is frequently found in any person of high intellect like scientist.

Zones

There are three zones – upper, middle and lower.

Upper zone indicates intellectual and artistic inclinations, perhaps a philosophical or even mystical tendency. These writers are visionaries and are involved in creative activities.

Middle zone has to do with the practical aspects of the personality. The middle zone symbolizes the present, our daily routine and how well we cooperate with others.

Lower zone involves a person’s interest in good food, vibrant music as well as interest in sports & physical exercises.

Letter spacing shows how much space you give yourself. Wide letter spacing Indicates someone who does what comes naturally without restraint. If letters are crammed close together, the writer is a person who overreacts to everything.

Word spacing indicates how close one wants to be to other people. Widely spaced words may indicate a tendency to social isolation, while words which are close together may be found in the handwriting of those who have a strong need to be surrounded by other people.

Margins

A wide left margin shows a desire to leave the past behind, while a narrow left margin indicates a person who is comfortable with the past.

A narrow right margin is usually seen in people eager to set new goals and work toward achieving them.

Well-balanced margins reveal careful planners with good timing, someone who is comfortable staying within familiar limits.

Signature

The signature signifies one’s public image; the manner in which one wishes to be seen in society. A clear, legible signature is seen in those who have nothing to hide. While a person who has an illegible signature is searching for his true identity.

For any further details, kindly contact on +91 9890032603 or alternatively put mail on shailendra.deshpande79@gmail.com

Shailendra Deshpande